Fetus Growth ChartsGraphs and Calculators

Estimation of Fetal Weight

From early in pregnancy, babies grow at different rates, so these numbers are merely averages. Your baby’s actual length and weight may vary substantially.

Don’t worry too much if an ultrasound indicates that your baby is much smaller or larger. (Your practitioner will let you know if it’s time to worry about how big your baby is.) By full-term, your baby may end up weighing less than 5 pounds or more than 9.

Until about 20 weeks, babies are measured from the crown (or top) of the head to the rump (or bottom). This is because a baby’s legs are curled up against his torso during the first half of pregnancy and very hard to measure.

After that, babies are measured from head to toe.

See our pregnancy timing article to learn how the weeks of pregnancy are counted and your baby’s gestational age is determined. If you don’t know your due date, use our due date calculator to find out.

Gestational age Length (US) Weight (US) Length (cm) Mass (g)
(crown to rump) (crown to rump)
8 weeks 0.63 inch 0.04 ounce 1.6 cm 1 gram
9 weeks 0.90 inch 0.07 ounce 2.3 cm 2 grams
10 weeks 1.22 inch 0.14 ounce 3.1 cm 4 grams
11 weeks 1.61 inch 0.25 ounce 4.1 cm 7 grams
12 weeks 2.13 inches 0.49 ounce 5.4 cm 14 grams
13 weeks 2.91 inches 0.81 ounce 7.4 cm 23 grams
14 weeks 3.42 inches 1.52 ounce 8.7 cm 43 grams
15 weeks 3.98 inches 2.47 ounces 10.1 cm 70 grams
16 weeks 4.57 inches 3.53 ounces 11.6 cm 100 grams
17 weeks 5.12 inches 4.94 ounces 13 cm 140 grams
18 weeks 5.59 inches 6.70 ounces 14.2 cm 190 grams
19 weeks 6.02 inches 8.47 ounces 15.3 cm 240 grams
20 weeks 6.46 inches 10.58 ounces 16.4 cm 300 grams
(crown to heel) (crown to heel)
20 weeks 10.08 inches 10.58 ounces 25.6 cm 300 grams
21 weeks 10.51 inches 12.70 ounces 26.7 cm 360 grams
22 weeks 10.94 inches 15.17 ounces 27.8 cm 430 grams
23 weeks 11.38 inches 1.10 pound 28.9 cm 501 grams
24 weeks 11.81 inches 1.32 pound 30 cm 600 grams
25 weeks 13.62 inches 1.46 pound 34.6 cm 660 grams
26 weeks 14.02 inches 1.68 pound 35.6 cm 760 grams
27 weeks 14.41 inches 1.93 pound 36.6 cm 875 grams
28 weeks 14.80 inches 2.22 pounds 37.6 cm 1005 grams
29 weeks 15.2 inches 2.54 pounds 38.6 cm 1153 grams
30 weeks 15.71 inches 2.91 pounds 39.9 cm 1319 grams
31 weeks 16.18 inches 3.31 pounds 41.1 cm 1502 grams
32 weeks 16.69 inches 3.75 pounds 42.4 cm 1702 grams
33 weeks 17.20 inches 4.23 pounds 43.7 cm 1918 grams
34 weeks 17.72 inches 4.73 pounds 45 cm 2146 grams
35 weeks 18.19 inches 5.25 pounds 46.2 cm 2383 grams
36 weeks 18.66 inches 5.78 pounds 47.4 cm 2622 grams
37 weeks 19.13 inches 6.30 pounds 48.6 cm 2859 grams
38 weeks 19.61 inches 6.80 pounds 49.8 cm 3083 grams
39 weeks 19.96 inches 7.25 pounds 50.7 cm 3288 grams
40 weeks 20.16 inches 7.63 pounds 51.2 cm 3462 grams
41 weeks 20.35 inches 7.93 pounds 51.7 cm 3597 grams
42 weeks 20.28 inches 8.12 pounds 51.5 cm 3685 grams

Where to go next:

Fetal ultrasound measurements show how the baby is growing and also help detect abnormalities. The estimation of fetal weight during pregnancy is among the most important examinations done. These measurements may help your doctor determine whether the baby is too small (intrauterine growth restriction: IUGR) or too big (large for gestational age: LGA).

Babies that are too small or too large have higher risks of complications. Because the early detection of growth abnormalities may help to manage complications more appropriately even before the baby is born, monitoring fetal growth is an important part of antepartum care.

Monitoring can be done through several steps including palpating the uterus and the fetus, measuring the size of the uterus, and performing a sonogram. A sonogram will measure various parts of the fetus, including the head, abdomen, and upper thighbone.

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